Ten Steps To Write a Good Abstract For A Research Paper

January 5, 2018

If you were asked to create a good informative abstract for your research project or any other scientific paper, do not let the panic and stress to disturb you! 

Many students find themselves confused when they have to write a good abstract for a research paper simply because they do not understand what it is and how to cope with it. However, there are no reasons for worries. In fact, writing the abstract means creating a brief summary of paper. Thus, it is a simple overview that describes the work in general, may include the main arguments, results, and evidence presented in your text!

Reading the abstract, the readers will understand the reasons why this research was conducted and get a clear idea of the objectives of your work. Such overview also aims to assist other students. For example, if someone is searching for an example of a paper on some topic, a well-written abstract will help him decide whether your work suits his needs. Therefore, abstracts are usually written when the research is completed.

How to cope with such task? 
In this article, you will find the answers to all of your questions and find a step-by-step guide to write abstract that will be informative and efficient!

What Is Your Goal?

Before you can start the workflow, you should understand what a finished abstract will look like, what results and conclusions it should contain, what sentences and phrases not to use, etc. The main descriptive abstract purpose is to outline the work. Besides, an informative abstract includes logical conclusions of the conducted study. 

At the same time an abstract usually has to be quite short, and thus, it is important to pay close attention only to the major findings and most important results of your research and keep it as concise as possible!

What Are The Steps To Writing A Top-Notch Overview?

Step one

Essentially the descriptive abstracts should contain detailed information about the study and its results, and that is why you will have to finish the paper before working on it. There is a common belief that an abstract indicates the topic of the work and gives a sort of an introduction to the subject of the research. This is a false. 

This type of document presents and explains not only the theme of the work; also, an abstract describes the methods that have been used and reflects the results obtained during the research.

Therefore, the paper will have to be written first!

Step two

The next thing you should do is carefully read and memorize the requirements to writing the abstract given by your professor or teacher. There are a few commonly used rules and standards. However, as a rule, your supervisor or teacher will provide you with the specific and detailed guidelines that have to be taken into account. The main nuances to keep in mind are:

  • The required word count (as a rule, the length varies according to the discipline);
  • Demands to the style or structure;
  • The purpose of the document (you should understand whether you are creating a document for your teacher or for publication and approach it relevantly).

Step three

Know whom you are writing for! Defining who will be your audience should not be difficult after you go through the step two, but you should understand that it is a crucial nuance for creating a good outline!

Step four

Define what type of abstract you need to finish. There are two most common types of such documents – descriptive and informative; apart from them, there is also a critical type of abstract, but it is not often used. 

You should know exactly what kind of outline you are writing in order to make it relevant and appropriate, and if you have any doubts – ask your professor to clarify this matter.

Step five

Define your purpose. The first thing to highlight in your text is the relevance and purpose of your work in general – you will have to answer a few main questions like why the topic is relevant and what makes it valuable for you.

Step six

Give a brief outline of the studied issue. After you gave a brief reflection on the chosen topic, you should write a few sentences that give a clearer explanation of the main problem that you have studied.

Step seven

Specify the methods that you have used. This will be one of the biggest parts of your outline because here you will need to explain to the reader what steps and methods were used in order to reach the main goals of your research. Here you can also describe the examples and evidence that you’ve provided in the text to support your ideas, and give a short review of some of the most significant sources that you’ve used.

Step eight

Tell about the results that you have reached while conducting the study – this is a step that makes a difference between the types of outlines because only an informative document requires you to specify the outcome of the research.

Step nine

Draw conclusions – finish your text with the logical conclusion; answer the main questions of your study, and explain how the obtained results can be applied and used in the future to continue the study of a specific issue.

Step ten

Polish your outline. The last stage of your workflow requires you to re-read the whole text one more time in order to identify the possible errors that you have not noticed earlier. That is when you will have to adjust the style of your work, format it in accordance with the specified demands, check it for grammar and syntax mistakes, and last, but not least – check it with an anti-plagiarism tool.

Final Words

These are the main steps to writing a good outline! This matter often requires lots of time and attention to details, which makes it rather difficult to complete, but if you follow the guidelines provided from top custom writing service the whole process will become simpler and more effective. 

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