The term ‘pro-life’ and ‘pro-choice’ as synonymous with the debate on whether an abortion is morally right or wrong. In 1973, the US Supreme Court made a landmark ruling in the case of Roe v. Wade in favor of abortion. The decision allowed pregnant women to choose whether to continue with the pregnancy or procure an abortion. However, not everyone was satisfied with this ruling, as many consider it doctrinally wrong. It led to a division with one faction in favor of abortion (pro-choice) and those against (pro-life).
This conclusion, however, does not account for the general population who may support abortion in some ways but not all (Jelen and Wilcox, 2003). In this argumentative essay on abortion pro-life, I shall attempt to provide my suggestions on why I believe we have an obligation to preserve humanity or ‘human life’.
A 3-week-old fetus has the potential to become a human being if granted the choice by the mother to grow into a baby. A fetus is a tissue consisting of developing structures of a human being. It only takes about 8 weeks for the fetus to have developed all structures to form.
Consequently, at only 8 weeks, the fetus is capable of living outside the mother’s womb (Palmer, 2009).
If we are to accept that a fetus is an ‘unborn child’, this equation bases of potentiality rather than actuality. A fetus at first trimester is a tiny mass of cells, which exists as part of the woman’s body. It cannot exist on its own because it is not a biologically complete organism. It has no rights whatsoever and neither can it speak for itself as it depends on another person.
Calling it, a person, therefore, is ludicrous, to say the least. A child will only acquire rights once it is born and becomes separated from its mother (Rand, 2002). Basing on this, therefore, we can say that it is the woman’s right to choose on the issue.
The Law states that a pregnant woman can procure an abortion for reasons including rape, incest, accidental pregnancies, teen pregnancies, health risks or birth defects.
Many teenagers, for instance, seek abortion because they are too immature to carry the baby to term. In the recent past, however, it has been noted that most minors procure an abortion in order to conceal their pregnancies or their sexual activity from parents (Henshaw and Kost, 1992).
Over half of adults, however, seek abortion because of financial pressures and spousal differences (Finer et al, 2005). Abortion in such cases is seen by some as a solution to a problem and by others as a sign of decaying morality in the society.
Seeking abortion puts the life of the mother at risk and thus does not uphold the ‘pro-life concept’. However forcing the mother to play the role of a Good Samaritan and carry the pregnancy to term would result in emotional and physical harm. Abortion cases should be treated as unique to each individual because reasons vary.
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