The United States of America has a couple of laws that are meant to protect the environment. Among these laws are the Endangered Species Act (ESA), the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITES), and the Marine Mammal Protection Act. The Endangered Species Act was created and passed by Congress in 1973, after President Nixon declared the prevailing conservation efforts as inadequate. Additionally, within the same year, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna was created. CITES is an international accord that curbs global trade in animals and plants that would be hurt by the trade (Pretorius, 1995). The Marine Mammal Protection Act was proclaimed in the United States of America on 21st October 1972. The act forbids harassing, capturing, hunting or killing of marine mammals in American waters as well as by its citizens on high seas, and further prohibits importation of sea mammals including their products into America (Baur and Irvin, 2001). Consequently, the creation of these three acts - The Endangered Species Act (ESA), and the Marine Mammal Protection Act have resulted to increased authority of the federal government and curtailed authority of the state government over the control of wild fauna and flora, whilst the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild and Fauna (CITES) has levelled the authority of both of these governments; in addition these laws have strengthened the relationship between the federal and the states government.read more
Web Design is a multifaceted field that people often define incorrectly. Many individuals will center their focus on the over all graphic design or programming of the site as well as the content organization or the value and function of the web site. Rarely will an individual actually cover all of the complex details required to properly identify the complexity of this field. While the content, or information architecture, is important this particular aspect is only one of the details necessary to define web design. (Powell 4)read more
The events leading to the Hiroshima and Nagasaki atomic bombings by the United States have different meanings to different people. Reading different historical sources, one notes that different authors have given different meanings to the same events that happened in the later months of 1945. The events that occurred after the bombings also have been given different meanings by the observers who had the chance to be on the ground days after the two bombings. As such, a conventional reader cannot help questioning whether the authors either had different experiences of the same effect or whether it was a case of selective use of evidence. In this essay, different author’s accounts on the happenings in Hiroshima and Nagasaki will be evaluated in order to prove that authors giving first-hand accounts of events sometimes choose to use evidence selectively in order to advance what they believe is right or wrong. Most of the times, this means that history appears different to audiences who hear or read the first hand testimonies.read more
The self-strengthening movement of Imperial China was a movement that lasted for the time ranging from 1861-1895, and it accounted for some of the institutional reforms that were intiated at the end of the Qing Dynasty (Spence, 1999). The movement was formed after the defeat of China by the Great Britain in the Opium war, among other series of military defeats of the time. The Chinese government also faced internal rebellion, more especially from the Manchu authority and also the uprising farmers of the time. This situation called for the need of improving the Chinese military on restoring the gone sovereignty. As a step towards enticing peace between China and the Western powers, Prince was appointed the grand councilor and the head of the foreign affairs, Zongli Yamen.read more
Censorship can be defined in quite a variety of ways but the most commonly used definition is that it is the act of suppressing images, ideas or words that are regarded as “offensive” by the censor (one who succeeds in imposing his/her personal moral or political values on other people especially without their will). This can be done by private groups exerting pressure on others or by the government. Governmental censorship is unconstitutional in any country that practices it.read more
The Communist Manifesto vividly describes the proletariat or the “modern working class” (Marx, & Engels, 2005, p. 8) as a group of laborers that can sustain life by finding work and their ability to locate work is made possible only if “their labour increases capital.” (Marx, & Engels, 2005, p. 8) Marx and Engel’s imagery portrays the proletariats as “piecemeal” or “a commodity, like every other article of commerce” (Marx, & Engels, 2005, p. 8) that is consistently “exposed to all the vicissitudes of competitions, to all the fluctuations of the market.” (Marx, & Engels, 2005, p. 8) In Marx and Engel’s vision, this process causes the proletarians to lose all “individual character” and lessen their desire to produce quality work; therefore, the workman becomes an “appendage of the machine” to perform the “most easily acquired knack, that is required of him.” (Marx, & Engels, 2005, p. 8)read more
Working in top management, presents several issues for women, who face complex careers that include family commitments and cultural attitudes, unlikely to be experienced by men. This issue is further increased for women from minority ethnic backgrounds, who want to work in top management.read more
Do you love your job? Do you enjoy every minute of it? Does your job guarantee you a secure and prosperous future? Do you trust 100% the people making decisions for the company you work for? Do you like the people you’re working for? Do you like the people you’re working with? Odds are your regular nine to five job is going to ht a snag somewhere.read more
Assignments evaluate students’ understanding of the course material. As a result, the questions that assignments consist of are usually related to topics that have not been covered in length in class sessions. The question might arise as to why assignments habitually focus on obscure areas of the course content. The answer is that assignments try to make the student engage in independent thinking and exhibit originality of thought. Students habitually engage in independent thinking when they have taken the time to really get into their course material. Therefore assignments reward those students for having taken the time and the trouble to really get to know the material.read more
The current business environment is characterized by a considerable level of competitive rivalry and therefore businesses have to maintain a continuous improvement process in order to develop a sustainable competitive advantage. This requires business process reengineering which is facilitated through IT innovations. IT innovations have the advantage that they lead to cost-cutting measures. However not all IT innovations equate to progress. Sometimes their effects can be harmful. One of the methods through which IT innovations cut costs is through automation. The automation makes most of human resources in an organization redundant. This leads to a higher level of unemployment. As a result of implementing IT innovations, the management might also become over-dependent on computer systems. This leads to a situation in which the organization might become inflexible and as a result unable to cope with the fast changing external environment. This means that the organization might no longer have an effective strategic focus.read more
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