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Some of the most prominent themes in “The Tempest” have been following the usual patterns of allegory and different thematic speculations being experimented with by Shakespeare, coming as one.
Shakespeare has interwoven the magical and fantasy elements into this plot accommodating several factors that brought the theme to a special place.
“The Tempest” really comes as unique in its backdrop and, much like “A Midsummer Night’s Dream,” creates the place for the fantasy to be brought to life along with social and political criticism. The element of fantasy pervades various orders in the theme and breaks through the imaginary forces bringing an idea of reconciliation to the play.
Various motives, order, and structures combine to form some of the most interesting observations this play brings.
There is also adherence to classic examples and even principles of unity within the play. The entire play is supposed to take place within a few hours and thus have a racy pace, but the dramatic theme spaces out in a broader perspective.
There have been several emphases of prevalent themes, including reconciliation and the powers of the supernatural versus the real, material world. The conflict between reality and the illusive has been important in fabricating the grounds of “The Tempest”.
The foregrounds, settings, and the right mood, reiterating the atmosphere, are excellently mixed and matched throughout the play.
Music and masque have also been prominent features in the play in depicting the various orders of incidents it deals with. Music and masque are thus the media through which much of the changes within the play are depicted.
There are more pervasive instances of the play; according to Renaissance critic Coletti, these have effectively achieved the balance of harmony and conflict, the separation from the elements of nature and their confluences.
Without the strong presence of the background imagery, the play would not have stood with strength. In the play, Prospero is the central figure who orchestrates much of the ongoing processes of the incidents. Critic Ian Ferguson has explored the various qualities Prospero’s character has depicted throughout the play.
Prospero is essentially a ruler but also an artist and a powerful metaphysician who has not misused his capacities to go beyond what he would believe to be moral. Ariel and Caliban are two of the other characters in the play who have critical roles each to play.
Caliban has been one of the primitive peoples who originated from the very core of the start of human civilization. In that essence, Caliban depicts the play’s wholeness in many ways. Ariel has a unique characterization with elemental symbolism of air and the simple allegory of relating to other creatures belonging to this realm.
“The Tempest” as a play is very symbolic and related to the diversities of the elements of the atmosphere.
There is a contrast between Caliban’s lower and earthly dimension and Ariel’s.