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“Hamlet” is the longest play by Shakespeare and studies the rich patterns of Renaissance themes of perspectives. “Hamlet” brings several parodies, structures, and plays within the play format. Rich diatribes bring a range of complex arrays that focus on the ironies of society and human character.
“Hamlet” is not only a study into the darker recesses of tragic human characters but also within the whole idea of social tragedy being presented as a stupid play.
For instance, the nunnery scene where Ophelia is being projected as false Mary brings the whole sense of Renaissance sense of false implications, as do several other instances within the play that calls for the whole annunciation of iconography.
Among the many critical approaches to studying “Hamlet,” the new historicism approach brings into notice the parodied and annunciation motifs within “Hamlet”.
“Hamlet” is also a study of impossible demands and almost near miracles being studied through the waves of society, as seen through the naivety of Hamlet’s character. There are demands on the consolidation of Ophelia and Gertrude, the maid and Hamlet’s mother, and the dual nature of betrayal and usurpation.
The question of Christian ethics, morals, and values brings some of the most traditional schemes to failing in the naïve questioning of Hamlet’s eyes.
The story is that of a failed hero who has resigned to victim nature, seeing the impossibility of the flaws presented through human nature, going beyond the points of rectification.
Hamlet would have wanted to bring justice but had given up on his high skepticism and distrust of God’s Providence.
The play is also a question of the whole philosophical approach to Christianity and the very idea of divine justice being meted out, showing whether traditional Christianity is just a painted picture and does not work for all in the whole scheme of matters.
The play is thus about the inconsistency of human nature, failed ideals and morals, and society going crazy to preserve the ideal or the sense of higher justice.
The rich display of dramatic personae and different play structures bring these larger themes within “Hamlet” prominently featured to be questioned by the audience or readers.
The interpretation of melancholy and death to be the companions of those questioning the dominant archetypes of society’s complex paradigms have been assigned to be the fate of the one who stands out.
It is a play of duality that constantly questions the shifts of time versus timelessness, the combining forces of doomsday idea and prelapsarian ideals, of light and dark, justice taken by human will and the divine preordinance, of melancholy vying with sinister humor.